Interesting facts about the Trillium Flower
Trillium is a genus of about 40-50 species of perennial herbaceous flowering plants, native to temperate regions of North America and Asia. The plant's name comes from the Latin word for three. The blossoms of trilliums have three petals, three sepals, six stamens, a three-celled ovary, and a cluster of three leaves.
A solitary flower blooms above the cluster of leaves. They grow in damp, shaded areas. About 30 different species are known. Some bloom in early spring before the robins come. Thus, the name wake-robin was given to them. One of the species of trillium with large flowers is the great white trillium (or trinity lily) its blossoms have broad petals, each two or three inches long, and a pleasant scent. Days after blooming, the flowers change from white to pink. The so-called purple trillium (T. erectum) really has dark red petals. The blossom is beautiful but has a most unpleasant odor.
Perhaps the prettiest of the trilliums is the painted trillium (T. undulatum), also called painted wake-robin or smiling wake-robin. Its narrow, pointed petals are white marked with deep pink or maroon. The nodding miliums (T. cernuum) white flowers droop and are almost hidden by the leaves.
A picked Trillium will wilt quickly, and the plant forms no seed for the next year. It is best, therefore, to let the flowers stay in their natural woodland home.
In 1927, the trillium was named the official flower of Ontario, Canada.